Tuesday, October 25, 2016

Mediterranean Diet Does NOT Decrease All-Cause Mortality?

The Mediterranean diet may not affect all-cause mortality, but does appear to decrease cardiovascular disease, cancer, and type 2 diabetes. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Oct 4;165(7):491-500.

Comment: This is an interesting and important article in that it found no effect on all-cause mortality from following the Mediterranean diet. The researchers defined a Mediterranean diet as follows: no restriction on total fat intake, and two or more of following seven components: 1. high monounsaturated-to-saturated fat ratio (this is what you get from using olive oil as a main cooking ingredient), 2. high fruit & vegetable intake, 3. high consumption of legumes, 4. high grain and cereal intake, 5. moderate red wine consumption, 6. moderate consumption of dairy products, or 7. low consumption of meat and meat products with increased intake of fish.